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Written by: Abhishek Pramanick

M.Arch, B.Arch, Co-founder at Ongrid.design

How to Select Tiles for Your Home - The Ultimate Guide for Choosing the Perfect Tiles

The Ultimate Tile Quest: Your Comprehensive Guide to the Perfect Tiles for Your Home

Tiles - those seemingly humble building materials that often fade into the backdrop, yet hold immense power to transform spaces. Be it your inviting living room, the functional bathroom, the creative kitchen, or even the outside patio, the right choice of tiles makes all the difference. A quest awaits you, and Ongrid.design, with its rich history of selecting the perfect tiles for a range of residential projects, including a challenging yet rewarding residential design project in Bangalore (check out this project in 360 View), is here to guide you on this adventure.

Infographic showing different types of tiles.


Welcome to your comprehensive guide to choosing the perfect tiles for your home. As a homeowner in India, you understand the significance of selecting tiles that not only enhance the aesthetics but also withstand the demands of daily life. With numerous options available in the market, it's essential to make informed decisions to ensure your investment brings both beauty and functionality to your living spaces.

At Ongrid.design, we have years of experience assisting homeowners like you in finding the ideal tiles for their homes. Our team of experts understands the Indian market, its cultural preferences, and the value of local craftsmanship. In this guide, we will take you on a journey through the different types of tiles, their sizes, finishes, and other crucial considerations to help you make confident purchase decisions that align with your needs and preferences.

Understanding Different Types of Tiles

Before diving into the selection process, let's explore the different types of tiles available in the market. Each type has its own characteristics, benefits, and ideal applications.

Ceramic Tiles

Ceramic tiles are the dependable heroes of our tile quest. Made from clay and hardened by heat, ceramic tiles are versatile, durable, and available in a multitude of colours and designs. They are an excellent choice for various areas of your home, including kitchens, bathrooms, and living areas. Their affordability and ease of maintenance make them a popular option among homeowners in India.

Popular ceramic tile brands in India include Kajaria, Somany, and Nitco.

Porcelain Tiles

Consider porcelain tiles as the strong and resilient warriors in our tile saga. Porcelain tiles are less porous than ceramic tiles, making them highly resistant to moisture and staining. This durability makes them suitable for high-traffic areas, such as hallways, kitchens, and bathrooms. They are available in various styles and mimic the look of natural stone or wood, offering a wide range of design possibilities.

Top porcelain tile brands in India include RAK Ceramics, Orient Bell, and Johnson Tiles.

Vitrified Tiles

Vitrified tiles, with their enchanting wizardry, undergo a process called "vitrification" that makes them highly water-resistant and stronger than ceramic tiles. These tiles withstand heavy foot traffic, making them ideal for both residential and commercial spaces. Vitrified tiles come in an array of finishes, including glossy, matte, and textured, offering versatility in design.

Popular vitrified tile brands in India include Asian Granito, Simpolo, and AGL Tiles.

Natural Stone Tiles

If you desire the timeless beauty of nature in your home, natural stone tiles are the answer. From marble and granite to slate and travertine, each stone possesses unique characteristics and aesthetics. Natural stone tiles bring a touch of luxury and sophistication to any space, making them ideal for feature walls, entryways, and living areas. However, it's essential to consider the maintenance requirements of natural stone tiles, as they may require periodic sealing and care to preserve their beauty.

Mosaic Tiles

Mosaic tiles are the artisans of the tile realm, offering intricate patterns and designs. These small tiles come in various materials, including ceramic, glass, and natural stone, and are arranged to create stunning visual effects. Mosaic tiles are perfect for adding accents, borders, or unique design elements to your walls, floors, or backsplashes, allowing you to personalize your space with creativity.

Choosing the Perfect Size

Comparison chart of small, medium, and large tiles.

Now that we've explored the different types of tiles, let's discuss the

importance of selecting the right tile size. The size of tiles greatly impact the visual perception and functionality of a room.

Small Tiles

Small tiles, such as mosaic or subway tiles, bring a sense of intricate detail and charm to your spaces. They are ideal for curved or non-traditional layouts, providing flexibility in design. In bathrooms, use of smaller tiles creates unique patterns or provide a better grip around plumbing fixtures. Consider incorporating small tiles as accents or borders to add a touch of personality to your walls or floors.

Medium Tiles

Medium-sized tiles strike a balance between aesthetics and practicality. They are versatile and used in various rooms of your home, from kitchens and bathrooms to living areas. Medium tiles offer a modern and timeless look, and their installation is generally easier compared to smaller tiles. They are an excellent choice for achieving a clean and streamlined appearance.

Large Tiles

Large tiles, with their grand presence, make a room feel more spacious and open. They have fewer grout lines, resulting in a seamless and visually appealing look. Large tiles work well in spacious areas like living rooms, bedrooms, and outdoor spaces. However, it's important to ensure your floor surface is properly leveled to avoid lippage, where one tile edge is higher than its neighbouring tile. Large tiles require a flat surface for flawless installation.

Consider the size of your rooms, the desired visual effect, and the practicality of maintenance when choosing the tile size for each space in your home.

Selecting the Right Tile Finish

Illustration of tile finishes: glossy, matte, and textured.

The finish of your tiles plays a significant role in both the appearance and functionality of your spaces. Let's explore the different tile finishes and their unique characteristics.

Glossy Finish

Glossy tiles exude elegance and radiance, reflecting light and creating a bright and vibrant atmosphere. They are ideal for small spaces, as they visually expand the area. Glossy tiles are commonly used in bathrooms and kitchens to achieve a sleek and modern look. However, keep in mind that glossy surfaces become slippery when wet, so consider the safety aspect when selecting this finish.

Matte Finish

Matte tiles offer a subtle and sophisticated appeal, with their ability to absorb light and provide a soft appearance. They are less prone to showing smudges, scratches, and watermarks, making them suitable for high-traffic areas or spaces where maintenance is a concern. Matte tiles are a popular choice for floors, as they provide better traction and minimise the risk of slipping.

Textured Finish

Textured tiles bring depth and character to your spaces, offering both visual interest and enhanced slip resistance. These tiles mimic the look and feel of materials like stone, wood, or fabric, adding a tactile element to your floors and walls. Textured tiles are particularly suitable for outdoor areas, bathrooms, or spaces where safety is a priority.

Consider the overall aesthetic you want to achieve and the practical requirements of each room when selecting the tile finish.

Design Tips for Selecting Tiles

Now that we've covered the basics of tile selection let's dive into some design tips to help you create stunning spaces in your home. Whether you're decorating your living room, renovating your kitchen, revamping your bathroom, or enhancing your outdoor areas, these tips will inspire you to make the right choices.

How to Select Living Room Tiles

Example of a living room with selected tiles.

The living room is where you welcome guests and spend quality time with your family. It should be both inviting and aesthetically pleasing. Consider using large-format tiles in neutral tones to create a sense of spaciousness and elegance. Incorporate accent tiles or patterns to add visual interest. If you prefer a cozy and warm atmosphere, opt for earthy colours and textured finishes. Remember to select tiles that complement your furniture and décor to achieve a cohesive look.

In the living room, larger tiles in neutral shades create a seamless and spacious effect. Consider using 600x600mm or 800x800mm tiles for the floor. Smaller patterned tiles add charm and personality to specific areas. Brands like Nitco, Somany, and Orient Bell offer a wide range of options.

How to Select Kitchen Tiles

Example of a kitchen with selected tiles.

The kitchen is the heart of the home, where culinary delights are prepared and shared. When selecting tiles for your kitchen, prioritise durability and ease of maintenance. Porcelain or vitrified tiles are excellent choices as they are resistant to stains and moisture. Consider using subway tiles for a classic and timeless look or explore mosaic tiles for eye-catching backsplashes. If you want to add a touch of modernity, consider large-format tiles in bold colours or patterns.

In the kitchen, larger tiles create a seamless and spacious effect. Consider using 600x600mm or 800x800mm tiles for the kitchen floor. For backsplashes, subway tiles in sizes like 75x150mm or 100x200mm are popular choices.

How to Select Bathroom Tiles

Example of a bathroom with selected tiles.

Bathrooms require tiles that combine functionality, durability, and style. Opt for smaller or mosaic tiles on the floor to provide better grip and prevent slips. Glass or glazed tiles are suitable for walls, offering a luminous and visually appealing effect. Experiment with different colours and patterns to create a spa-like ambience. Don't shy away from incorporating feature walls or mosaic accents to add a touch of luxury and personality to your bathroom.

n bathrooms, smaller tiles or mosaics on the floor provide better grip and prevent slips. Opt for sizes like 300x300mm or 400x400mm. For walls, consider 300x600mm or 250x375mm tiles for a modern look.

How to Select Outdoor Tiles

Example of an outdoor area with selected tiles.

Outdoor areas, such as patios, balconies, and garden pathways, require tiles that withstand the elements. Opt for natural stone tiles, porcelain tiles, or specialised outdoor tiles that are weather-resistant and durable. Textured finishes are essential to provide a better grip, especially in wet conditions. Consider using earthy tones or natural stone-look tiles to harmonise with the outdoor surroundings and create a seamless transition between your indoor and outdoor spaces.

These are general size recommendations, but personal preference and the size of your space should also be considered.

Calculating the Cost and Selecting the Best Tiles

Infographic on calculating the cost and selecting the best tiles

Tile Brands and Prices:


30x60 (cm)

60x60 (cm)

90x90 (cm)

120x60 (cm)


₹187.5 - ₹232.5



















Note: These prices are best estimates per box. Each box contains 4-5 tiles.

As you embark on your tile selection journey, it's crucial to consider your budget and make informed decisions to get the best value for your investment. Here are some factors to keep in mind:

Technical Specifications and Quality Standards:

In addition to considering brand reputation and price, it's essential to understand the technical specifications and quality standards of tiles before making a purchase. Here are some important aspects to consider:

  1. Deviation in Length, Width, and Thickness: Pay attention to the acceptable range of deviation in the dimensions (length, width, and thickness) of the tiles. Ensure that the tiles you choose fall within the specified percentage of allowable deviation.
  2. Straightness of Sides and Rectangularity: Check the acceptable deviation in the straightness of the tile sides and the rectangularity of the tiles. The specified values indicate the allowable range of deviation from being perfectly straight or rectangular.
  3. Surface Flatness and Quality: Consider the acceptable deviation in the flatness of the tile surfaces. Ensure that the tiles meet the specified standards, indicating a relatively flat and defect-free surface. Look for tiles where at least 95% of the tiles are free from visible defects.
  4. Modulus of Rupture and Breaking Strength: Evaluate the tile's ability to withstand bending or breaking under stress. Check the average modulus of rupture and ensure that the individual minimum value meets or exceeds the specified standard. Additionally, consider the breaking strength of the tiles, ensuring it meets the minimum required breaking strength.
  5. Bulk Density and Water Absorption: Take note of the tile's bulk density, indicating the mass per unit volume. Ensure that the tiles meet the specified minimum bulk density. Additionally, consider the water absorption rate, aiming for tiles with low water absorption (less than 0.08%).
  6. Glossiness and Resistance to Surface Abrasion: Although specific values were not provided in the data, consider the glossiness level and resistance to surface abrasion. Look for tiles that meet the minimum specified glossiness and resistance standards.

By considering these technical specifications and quality standards, you ensure that the tiles you choose meet the necessary requirements for durability, surface quality, and overall performance.

Please note that specific testing methods, certification details, and additional technical information may be available from the respective brands. It's recommended to consult with the brands or their authorized retailers to obtain more precise technical information for the tiles you are interested in.

Budget Planning

Define your budget early in the process and allocate funds for different areas of your home. Consider the cost of tiles, installation, maintenance, and any additional materials or services required. It's wise to set aside a contingency fund for unexpected expenses.

Price Range

Tiles come in a wide range of prices, depending on factors such as material, brand, design, and size. Ceramic tiles are generally more affordable, while natural stone or designer tiles may come at a higher price point. Research different brands and compare prices to find the best options within your budget.

Quality Considerations

While it's important to consider your budget, remember that investing in good-quality tiles saves you money in the long run. High-quality tiles are more durable, resistant to wear and tear, and require less maintenance. They significantly enhance the longevity and appearance of your spaces.

Local Brands and Suppliers

India has a vibrant market for tiles, with both local and international brands offering a wide range of options. Consider exploring local brands and suppliers, as they often provide quality products that are specifically designed to suit Indian preferences, climatic conditions, and cultural aesthetics.

Professional Consultation

If you feel overwhelmed or uncertain about making the right choices, don't hesitate to seek professional consultation. At Ongrid.design, our experienced team provide expert advice, help you navigate the market, and assists in selecting the best tiles within your budget. We understand the Indian context and recommend suitable brands, sizes, and types of tiles that align with your requirements.

Success Story: The Residential Design Project in Bangalore

To illustrate the practical application of our tile selection principles, let's take a closer look at our successful interior design project in Bangalore. This project presented unique challenges and opportunities, allowing us to showcase our expertise in selecting the perfect tiles for a combination of residential and commercial spaces.

In the residential areas, we opted for large-format porcelain tiles with a glossy finish in the living rooms to create an aura of grandeur and spaciousness. For the kitchens and bathrooms, we chose medium-sized ceramic tiles known for their durability and resistance to moisture. In outdoor spaces, we selected textured tiles that could withstand weather changes

and heavy foot traffic while adding aesthetic appeal.

To get a closer look at our successful project in Bangalore and draw inspiration for your own tile selection journey, visit our website here.


Choosing the perfect tiles for your home is an exciting and rewarding endeavour. By considering factors such as tile types, sizes, finishes, budget, and design preferences, you create spaces that reflect your personality and enhance your lifestyle.

At Ongrid.design, we understand the unique requirements of homeowners in India. Our team of experts is ready to assist you in every step of your tile selection journey. Whether you need guidance on choosing the right brands, finding the perfect sizes and types of tiles, or navigating the budgeting process, we are here to help.

Begin your tile adventure with us today by contacting us for a consultation or exploring more of our projects and services here.

Get ready to transform your home with the perfect tiles that blend aesthetics, functionality, and the essence of India's rich design heritage. Let Ongrid.design be your guide as you embark on this captivating journey!

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